1.As for Ann, I am not sure about her [_]in Italian.
2.Victor took a bus and headed for home, [_]if his wife would have him back.
A.not to know
D.not having known
3.The girl chose some very pretty[_]paper for the present.
4.Feeling that she was in the right, she took [_]at the dirty remark.
5.Advertising media like direct mail, radio, television and newspapers [_]to increase the sales of industrial products.
A.have been used
B.will be used
C.is being used
D.has been used
6.People’s status in society is frequently [_]by how much they own.
7.The new cut in interest rate [_] promote domestic investment.
C.is meant to
8.[_]the center of our planetary system was considered as heresy by the church in the Middle Ages.
A.It is the sun and not the earth
B.That the sun and not the earth
C.Being the sun and not the earth
D.The sun and not the earth
9.I [_] with the Browns during my stay in New York City.
10.[_]me most was that the young boy who had lost both arms in an accident could handle a pen with his feet.
11.Although she wrote a lot of short stories and poems when she was very young,[_] she was twenty five.
A.her first real success did not come until
B.her real first success came until not
C.since her first real success did not come until
D.not until her first real success
12.In 1914, an apparently insignificant event in a remote part of Eastern Europe [_] Europe into a great war.
13.John Dewey believed that education should be a preparation for life, that a person learns by doing, and that teaching must [_] the curiosity and creativity of children.
14.Which is not the notable newspapers in Britain?
A.The Daily Telegraph
15.Your examination results were quite satisfactory, but[_] if you had spent less time in playing football?
A.wouldn’t they have been better
B.wouldn’t they be better
C.won’t they have been better
D.won’t they be better
16.Which is the positive adjective that is used for describing Personality / Character?
17.She has managed to obtain a temporary work [_] in Britain.
18.The only[_] he had ever won was the Academy Award.
19.The two scholars worked at the task of writing a preface to the new dictionary for three hours [_]last night.
20.Two boys were caught smoking at school but the headmaster let them [_] with a warning.
21.Nowhere in nature is aluminum found free, owing to its always[_] with other elements, most commonly with oxygen.
22.Physics is the presentday equivalent of [_]used to be called natural philosophy, from[_] most of present day science arose.
23.If we continue to argue over minor points, we won’t get [_]near a solution.
24.Which of the following is not Chinese Festival?
B.Double Ninth Chongyang
25.She broke her leg, but the [_]healed quickly.
26.A highly organized system of irrigation is [_]Chinese agriculture.
27.As the train will not leave until one hour later, we [_]grab a bite at the snack bar.
B.just as well
C.might as well
28.Which is not the expression for Emotional Changes for the better below?
29.Which of the following is not the expression of fear?
30.Where there is an earthquake, energy is [_]in one area along a crack in the earth crust.
31.My cat is a fussy eater, but my dog is so [_]that she’ll swallow down anything that is put in front of her.
1.There is no point_________________________the violin unless you practise every day.
A.to learn to play
B.by learning to play
C.in learning to play
D.having learned to play
2.My journey back to my hometown seemed slow because the train stopped ______ at different villages.
3.The scientist could hardly find sufficient grounds ______ his arguments in favor of the new theory.
A.which to base on
B.to base on
C.to be based on
D.on which to base
4.The skilled carpenter worked ____ to finish the job quickly.
5.Business declined to such a(n) ____ that the company had to close up.
6.He could barely keep body and soul together, ____ support his family.?
7.We didn’t go fishing yesterday because it ______________________all day.
C.) had been raining
8. I will _________ you some favor.
9.This question is very ______to answer for us.
10.________, he is a very honest boy in our class.
B.To begin with
C.Most of all
11.Let’s _______ reading the passage.
E.get rid of
12.We finished the work_______.
1.Not that I don’t want to help you,___________________________it’s beyond my power.
2.The boy climbed up to the top of the mountain,___________________________he could see nothing but clouds.
3.Jimmy could hardly___________________________Mary because they work in the same company.
A.avoid to meet
B.not avoid to meet
D.not avoid meeting
4.She offered a reward to___________________________would find her lost mobile phone.
5. such a good chance, he planned to learn English more diligently.
A.Having been given
C.To be given
6.I strongly object___________________________as it will do great harm to his health.
A.to my son’s smoking
B.to my son smoke
C.my son to smoke
D.my son smoke
7. So many people___________________________absent, they cancelled the meeting.
8.We finished the work_______.
9.When she______ America, she suddenly felt lonely.
10.Before ________ the road, please look both sides.
C.up to now
E.now and then
1. The flower___________________________a pleasant smell.
2.Could you tell me how long it___________________________to go to Beijing by air?
3. Mary’s going to study abroad next year, , for sure, delights everyone.
4.It’s twelve o’clock, I think I must be off now.
Oh,really? I___________________________it at all.
5.John is___________________________student in his class. All the girls want to date him.
C.the most popular
6. She didn’t remember___________________________him before.
D.to having met
7.The door _______________________ . Better have it repaired.
B.hasn’t been shut
C.won’t be shut
8. The road declines _______ at this point.
9.He is a good man, but he can be really bad-tempered_______.
10.Lin Tao _________ his grandparents last week.
11.An example will ___________ how these objects work together.
1. The international situation is very _______ in the Middle East.
2. Scientists say it may be five or ten years _______ it is possible to test this medicine on human patients.
3._________ table tennis was accepted as a regular part of the Olympic Games.
A.Not until 1986
B.It was not until 1986 that
C.It was in 1986 when
D.It was until 1986 that
4.Would you please tell me more about it?
Sorry, I can only tell you___________________________much.
5. Professor Parker’s lecture was very . It was one of the best lectures I’ve ever attended
6.A simple meal can help communicate___________________________each other as well.
7. he failed, he won’t give up his ideals.
8. What_______ things can you see in the picture?
9.She _______ collecting stamps very much.
10. Her _______will impinge on my decision.
11.The students ________ a group to protect the environment.
1. I didn’t mean ______ anything, but those apples looked so good that I couldn’t resist ________ one.
A.to eat … trying
B.to eat … to try
C.eating … to try
D.eating … trying
2. I need one of you to ________ the examination papers to the class for me.
3. He seemed to have come to a deadlock in solving the puzzles, so he simply ________ whatever came into his head.
4. Mary is too weak to ________ the piano across the room.
5. You will see this product ________ wherever you go
D.to be advertised
6. It was impossible to avoid ________ by the stormy weather.
A.to be much affected
B.being much affected
C.having much affected
D.to have been much affected
7. In children’s minds the Spring Festival is _________ with nice food and presents.
8. ________, she won the race.
B.In the end
D.At the end
9. He will _______ in a month.
10.________ a hundred people tried this new kind of food.
11.It is _______ to your mind, soul, body and your life on the whole that you stay in the present with all your thoughts and feelings.
1. They are teachers and don’t realize _______ to start and run a company.
A.what it takes
B.what takes it
C.what they take
D.what takes them
2. The letters _______ which she ______ grew fewer, then stopped altogether.
A.of … hungered
B.for … hungered
C.to … hungered
D.by … hungered
3. The king commanded that enough money _______ to fund the project.
B.must be collected
D.can be collected
4. People could hardly ________ their anger when they found millions of dollars of public funds had been used to build luxurious houses for city officials.
5. The French pianist who had been praised very highly _________ to be a great disappointment.
6. The history professors were dealing with these in historical ________.
7. It is essential that he ________ in extracurricular activities.
8.My father ____________ smoking.
9.________ it is not my pen.
B.As a result
10._______ you find in the box, they belong to Amy.
B.No matter what
E.No matter how
1. The picture _______ my school days to my mind.
2. I rely on you to remind me ________ Jack for the books he bought me.
B.of being paid
D.to be paid
3. Dream of the Red Chamber (《红楼梦》) is said __________ into dozen of languages in the last decade.
A.to have been translated
C.to be translated
D.to have translated
4. Not that John doesn’t want to help you, ________ it is beyond his power.
5. He tried to _______ relations with his former wife but he failed.
6. Although he knew little about the large amounts of work done in the field, he succeeded ________ other more well-informed experimenters failed.
7. ________ might be expected, the response to the question was very mixed.
8.We find he is a very ________ star.
9.Fate blessed him with great_______.
10._________you come to see me, I will treat you as my relative.
B.No matter what
C.No matter when
1. With the ________ of Mary, all the girl students are eager to go to the party.
2. It is not considered ________ to litter in public.
3. He talked as if he ________ the incident.
4. New words are constantly added to our vocabulary while some old words go _________.
A.out of date
B.out of sight
C.out of work
D.out of touch
5. His opinion _________ that of the minority.
6. Mr. Smith had an unusual _________: He was first an office clerk, then a sailor, and ended up as a school teacher.
7. At least 76 people died when a Sibir Airlines Tu-154 ________ into the sea about 180 kilometers from the Russian resort of Sochi on Thursday.
8._______ the grass!
B.keep in touch
C.Keep away from
9._____ his help, he passed this exam.
C.As a result
10._______! The flood is coming.
1. A ________ to this problem is expected to be found before long.
2. John left his hometown ten years ago, never ________.
3. In today’s business world, having a solid Internet ________ is critical to success.
4. As he ________ the conclusion, he lost the good chance to earn more money.
5. U.S. stocks pared back ________ losses Wednesday after the Federal Reserve said the economy was “sluggish” even before last week’s terrorist attacks.
6. With a cry, Peter raised his axe and struck ________, burying it in the dog’s massive head.
A.up and down
C.with all his strength
D.at his best
7. It’s probably that awful music ________ wakes me up every morning.
8.________ there was a beautiful princess living in an old castle.
B.Once upon a time
C.For some time
D.Long, long ago
9.He never _________ of visiting the Great Wall.
10. Most Sundays _________ we go to help Uncle Wang.
1. In the very height of the afternoon blaze they saw a horseman on the crest of a hill, watching them ________ through glasses.
2. No sooner had we set out ________ a storm began.
3. They all objected ________ the meeting off.
4. More than 100 fire-fighters ________ Florida blaze on Monday.
5. Ever since the invention of television there hasn’t been anything as begging to become a ________ as the Internet.
6. A good test for this value is to apply ________ I call the “Integrity Triangle”.
7. The food __________ good and _________ well.
B.is tasted, is sold
8. He ________ the door and ripped the top part of some sort of hinge.
9.There will be vision phones _______ the end of this century.
10.Southerners _________ rice.
1. It’s a very beautiful village where Cindy and Tony live but it’s very ________.
A.out of the way
B.on the way
C.by the way
D.in the way
2. Yesterday Ariel Sharon ordered Israeli tanks to roll back from Palestinian towns in the West Bank in a move _________ to please the visiting U.S. vice-president, Dick Cheney.
3. In the smoke and dust and darkness, people ________ to one another grabbing hands and linking arms, they formed a human chain that made its way down stairwells and corridors and out into the sunlight of an unthinkable day.
4. You ________ him about this since he could find out for himself.
C.need have told
D.needn’t have told
5. The Argentine icebreaker Almirante Irizar, which left Buenos Aires on Tuesday, is expected to join the South African rescuers within 10 days to clear a path for the ________ ship to leave.
6. He wants to be ________ Newton and Einstein.
A.a great scientist as
B.as great a scientist as
C.as a great scientist as
D.such a great scientist as
7. They are a reminder that great powers should steer ________ small wars and concentrate on strategic tasks which maximize long-term benefit to themselves and the world.
8. Dad, I’ve got an “A” in the math exam.
Great. And I’m sure you will do better, because this is a good _________.
9.The_______ will fall in autumn.
10.There are many _______ playing on the playground.
1. Last year, the crime rate in Chicago has sharply ________.
2. He was knocked down by a car and badly ________.
3.Most nurses are women, but in the higher ranks of the medical profession women are in a ________.
4. A group of sharks were ________ off the coast earlier this month.
5. When people are segregated in ________ workshops, they miss out on the opportunities of interacting, working in a meaningful job and being part of the community at large.
6. Autumn’s parents didn’t permit her to date and insisted Autumn ________ Japanese school on Saturdays.
7. Online courses require students to make decisions ________ on facts as well as experience.
8. —-What do you think of Tom’s speaking?
—-No one does _______ in our class.
9. -Is this your ________ visit to my hometown, Zunyi?
-No. I’ve been here for many times.
10.You can see _______ if you go out at night.
B.thousands of stars
D.millions of stars
1. A ________ to this problem is expected to be found before long.
2. In the smoke and dust and darkness, people ________ to one another grabbing hands and linking arms, they formed a human chain that made its way down stairwells and corridors and out into the sunlight of an unthinkable day.
A.a great scientist as
B.as great a scientist as
C.as a great scientist as
D.such a great scientist as
3. In today’s business world, having a solid Internet ________ is critical to success.
4. Last year, the crime rate in Chicago has sharply ________.
5. When people are segregated in ________ workshops, they miss out on the opportunities of interacting, working in a meaningful job and being part of the community at large.
6. In the very height of the afternoon blaze they saw a horseman on the crest of a hill, watching them ________ through glasses.
7. ____ and disorder might well spread throughout the entire Middle East.
8.Mike is learning______ a computer.
A.how can he use
B.how to use
C.how he can use
D.how he use
9.You are just _____ for the game. Please come and join us.
D.at the time
10.Who will teach _____English next term?
1.The weather is too cold ____ March this year.——It was still ____ when I came here years ago.
2.What should I wear to attend his wedding party?——Dress ____ you like.
3. Stop making so much noise ____ the neighbor will start complaining.
4.We hope to go to the beach tomorrow, but we won’t go ____ it’s raining.
5.How much vinegar did you put in the soup?——I’m sorry to say, ____. I forget.
6.He is only too ready to help others, seldom, ____, refusing them when they turn to him.
7.The research on the new bird flu virus vaccine is challenging and demanding. Who do you think can do the job?——____ my students have a try?
8.Everything is _____lighter on the moon than on the earth.
9.Would you please_______ the radio?
10.Mr. Yong is too ______ to go on walking.
1. Do you know the boy ____ under the big tree?
2. Go on ____ the other exercise after you have finished this one．
D.to be doing
3. –What do you think of the book?
—Oh, excellent．It’ s worth ____a second time．
B.to be read
4. The chair looks rather hard, but in fact, it is very comfortable to ____．
D.be sat on
5. She didn’t remember ____him before．
D.to having met
6. Mother ____ us stories when we were young．
A.was used to tell
B.is used to telling
C.used to tell
D.used to telling
7. They knew her very well．They had seen her ____ up from childhood．
8._____ trees are cut down every year.
9.He lived here _____1983.
10.The teacher and writer______ coming to our school.
1.These computers are small in size and light in weight.
2.Either you must improve your work, or I shall dismiss you.
答案：你必须改进工作, 否则, 我解雇你.
3.He remains modest despite his great achievements.
答案：尽管他取得了伟大的功绩, 但是, 仍然保持谦虚。
4.In some cultures people devote a lot of time to eating.
5. She was sick, so children were quiet.
6.Various substances differ widely in their magnetic characteristics.
7.The suit is quite satisfactory except for the color.
8.John will be back in a week, and you can talk to him then.
答案：约翰一周后就回来, 你到时可以直接与他谈 。
9. We tend to make mistakes when we are nervous.
10.He failed to live up to his parents’ expectations.
11.Bill hit his car into a wall last night.
12.Would you please help me with this heavy box?
13.Apples here like water and sunshine.
14.Tom was such a hardworking student that he soon came our first in the class .
15. He said that he preferred the country to the city.
16.The door is out of proportion with the window.
17. We must take immediate measures to prevent such things from happening again.
答案： 我们必须立即采取措施防止这种事情再次发生 。
18. The boy was lost. His parents were very concerned about his safety.
19. Wang Li’s father has taught English here since he graduated from Peking University.
20.Please give this book to whoever comes first.
21.Though it was late, they kept on working.
22.Ted and William have lived under the same roof for five years.
23.You needn’t go there anymore. He already knows about it.
24.As is known to all, China is a developing country.
25.A lot of natural resources in the mountain area are to be exploited and used.
答案：She failed to bake the cake as she had run out of sugar.
答案：They saw an old man knocked over by a car coming from the opposite direction.
答案：She doesn’t seem to get along with her new classmates.
答案：Her mother pulled a few strings to get her into the business circle
答案：I hope the food is to your liking.
答案：I told the boys off for making so much noise
答案：I’d been out of touch with Mary for years, but I managed to out of touch her by phone yesterday.
答案：The veteran enjoys showing off his medals to everyone who visits him.
答案：Her husband seems very much opposed to her going abroad.
答案：As Thomas couldn’t settle down in his job, his parents were very worried.
答案：I always have all kinds of bits and pieces in my pockets
答案：He resolved to work on the complicated project immediately
答案：During the period of depression, the company was running into financial difficulties.
答案：He walked unsteadily along in the dark, groping for the light switch.
答案：After three month’s illness, he found it difficult to rise to his feet.
答案：Owing to the staff shortage the task could not be fulfilled on schedule.
答案：Such things as needles and scissors should be kept out of the reach of children.
答案：The soldiers stood under the burning scorching sun, drenched with sweat.
答案：He returned to his own country / motherland in the end.
答案：When the blind girl got on the crowded bus, the passengers made room for her.
答案：He at last managed to hold on to the rock on the cliff and stopped him from slipping.
答案：Mother immediately sent Tom for the doctor.
答案：I know how desperately busy you are now.
答案：The whole class roared with laughter at Tom’s slip of the tongue.
答案：There is a road on our left leading straight to the foot of the mountains.
1、Are you a team person? Are you at your best as part of a small, tightly united group of dedicated workers? If so, the future may hold more for you than you think.
High technology, some predicted, would make team work a thing of the past. That’s happening in those areas of business and data processing where one person and a computer can replace a team of workers.
But, elsewhere, teamwork is very much alive. High technology has led to a new type of teamwork in a number of fields, including advertising, scientific research, engineering design, architecture and ocean exploration. Through computer networking, scientists, engineers and technicians at different locations – often thousands of miles apart – can work on the same project at once. They can exchange ideas, try out different designs and test their results.
Examples? An engineering team can now design and try out a robot system, a new manufacturing process, or an entire factory before it is built. An architectural team can do the same with a building or a bridge. A medical team can simulate (模拟) a dangerous operation before performing it on a patient.
Of course, computer – assisted team effort doesn’t end with investigation and simulation. It now usually continues into actual design, manufacturing and testing. “Computer – aide design (CAD) and computer – aided manufacture (CAM) are breaking down barriers between traditional design and manufacturing functions,” explains Dr. Prakash Rao, an engineering manager at General Electric. “Interdisciplinary (跨学科的) teams and engineers follow a product from concept to production. Everything is interconnected like a network.”
Sometimes a computer – aided effort can extend beyond production. A team that produces robots may use them to explore space and ocean depth. For high – technology team work, the future seems limitless.
6. The underlined part “hold more” most probably means to _________.
A. maintain more chances B. give more rights
C. make more regulations D. store more information
7. According to the passage, the writer believers that _________.
A. teamwork requires more use of computers than that of human beings
B. teamwork will be completely replaced by computers
C. the concept of teamwork is still alive and no longer the same as the past
D. high technology would make teamwork a thing of the past
8. The examples given by the writer in Paragraph 4 serve _________.
A. to prove high technology has a promising future
B. to explain his idea of new type of teamwork is reasonable
C. to show that it tends to be an end to teamwork soon
D. to indicate the computer – assisted team effort just means investigation and simulation.
9. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Many fields of science and technology are now using computers effectively.
B. No details are given in the passage about barriers between traditional desigand manufacturing functions.
C. Experts from different fields have to cooperate to develop a product from concept to production.
D. High technology is nothing but a new type of teamwork plus CAD and CAM.
10. The author’s attitude to towards the introduction of the computer to teamwork is of ________.
A. objection B. indifference C. support D. doubt
答案：6.A 7.C 8.B 9.D 10.C
2. percent of Chinese families buy prescription medicines and store them at home for later use. Of them, about 80 percent throw away medicines that have passed their use by date, a survey reveals.Officials said the government should introduce laws to regulate the collection and disposal of out-of-date medicines. A risk analysis system for medicines should also be established, the experts said.
To study the way people stored medicines and the way medicines were handled after they had passed their used by date, the survey covered more than 1,800 families in 18 cities and counties from Shanghai, Beijing, Guangdong, Shandong, Sichuan and Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region between October and November in 2007. In Shanghai, 56.4 percent of the residents said they threw away out-of-date medicines and 25.5 percent returned them to pharmacies, the highest percentage recorded of all the regions in the survey.About 60 percent of residents knew that out-of-date medicines could be an environmental threat and 75.3 percent were aware of the dangers involved in selling out-of-date medicines to illegal drug dealers.
“The dangers in using out-of-date medicine are more serious than the adverse reactions to drugs. Local drug authorities have begun education campaigns to teach residents to return out-of-date medicines,” said the vice director of the Shanghai Clinical Center for Drug Adverse Reaction Monitoring.”There were some 15,000 adverse drug reaction cases in the city last year. About 90 percent of these were caused by improper use of drugs, and one of the main causes of this was people using out-of-date medicines.”
1.How many Chinese families throw away medicines that are out of date?
A) 56.2 percent.
B) 80 percent.
C) More than 80 percent.
D) Less than 50 percent.
2.The government is expected to .
A) dispose of out-of-date medicines carefully
B) introduce laws and set up a risk analysis system
C) educate people not to take out-of-date medicines
D) inform people of the danger of out-of-date medicines
3.The purpose of the survey is to .
A) study how people stored and handled medicines
B) cover as many families and countries as possible
C) provide some information for the government
D) study the medicines in a proper way
4.Which of the following is TRUE according to the survey?
A) Most provinces in China are included in the survey.
B) Many people sold out-of-date medicines to illegal drug dealers.
C) People in Shanghai did best in handling out-of-date medicines.
D) Few people knew out-of-date medicines would harm the environment.
5.Those people who took out-of-date medicines might .
A) be asked to return the medicines
B) be accused of by the drug authorities
C) be required to attend educational classes
D) suffer from adverse drug reactions
答案：1. D 2. B 3. A 4. C 5. D
3、Do you know why different animals or pests (昆虫) have their special colors? Colors in them seem to be used mainly to protect themselves.
Some birds like eating locusts (蝗虫), but birds cannot easily catch them. Why? It is because locusts change their colors together with the change of the colors of crops(庄稼). When crops are green, locusts look green. But as the harvest time comes, locusts change to the same brown color as crops have. Some other pests with different colors from plants are easily found and eaten by others. So they have to hide themselves for lives and appear only at night.
If you study the animal life, you’ll find the main use of coloring is to protect themselves. Bears, lions and other animals move quietly through forests. They cannot be easily seen by hunters (猎人). This is because they have the colors much like the trees.
Have you ever noticed an even stranger act? A kind of fish in the sea can send out a kind of very black liquid (液体)when it faces danger. While the liquid spreads over (散开), its enemies (敌人)cannot find it. And it immediately swims away. So it has lived up to now though it is not strong at all.
6. From the passage we learn that locusts________.
A. are small animals
B. are easily found by birds
C. are dangerous to their enemies
D. change their colors to protect themselves
7. How can pests with different colors from plants keep out of danger?
A. They run away quickly.
B. They have the colors much like their enemies.
C. They hide themselves by day and appear at night.
D. They have to move quietly.
8. Bears and lions can keep safe because _________.
A. they have the colors much like the trees
B. they move quietly
C. they like brown and gray colors
D. they live in forests
9. Why can the kind of fish live up to now?
A. Because it is very and strong.
B. Because the liquid it sends out can help it escape from its enemies.
C. Because the liquid it sends out can kill its enemies.
D. Because it swims faster than any other fish.
10. Which is the best title for this passage?
A. The Change of Colors for Animals and Pests
B. Colors of Different Animals and Pests
C. The Main Use of Colors for Animals and Pests
D. Some Animals and Pests
2、Washoe, a female chimpanzee (黑猩猩) believed to be the first non-human to acquire human language, has died of natural causes at the research institute where she was kept.
The chimp died on Tuesday night, according to Roger and Deborah Fouts, co-founders of The Chimpanzee and Human Communications Institute in Washington, where she lived.
Washoe was born in 1965 in Africa, where she was captured by the Air Force and taken to the US for research use in the space program. In 1966, she left the program and began living with two scientists, Allen and Beatrix Gardner, who led a project to teach the chimp American Sign Language (ASL) in Washoe, Nevada, for which it was named. Washoe had been living on Central Washington University’s Ellensburg Campus since 1980. She had a vocabulary of about 250 words. Also, Washoe taught sign language to three younger chimps: Tatu, 31, Loulis, 29, and Dar, 31
Primate (灵长类) researcher Jane Goodall, in Fouts’ book Next of Kin, noted the importance of the work with Washoe. “Roger, through his ongoing conversations with Washoe and her extended family, has opened a window into a chimpanzee’s mind,” Goodall said.
Though previous efforts to teach chimps spoken languages had failed, the researchers believed there was a better chance using signs. But Washoe’s language skills were disputed by scientists who believed that language is unique to humans. Among those who doubted that chimps could use language were linguist (语言学家) Noam Chomsky and Harvard scientist Steven Pinker. They believed primates simply learn to perform certain acts in order to receive rewards, and do not acquire true language. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
1. As for its first task, Washoe was involved with _______.
A. some space research
B. a study on African animals
C. an ASL project
D. the program of training the Air Force
2. In Goodall’s opinion, teaching Washoe ASL ______.
A. was not successful
B. led to the book Next of Kin
C. won honor for Fouts
D. made a difference
3. In the last paragraph, the underlined word “disputed” probably means “______”.
4. What can be inferred from the passage?
A. The ASL project was first set up in Africa for the study on Washoe.
B. Washoe may communicate with other chimps by signing.
C. Washoe must have been able to speak 250 words or so.
D. The researchers will prove that most chimps could use language.
5. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Washoe was the first animal to be taught human language.
B. Washoe, the chimp, was named in honor of a place.
C. There were four chimps in total at Ellensburg Campus.
D. Chomsky believed primates only perform silent signs.
5、Why do men die earlier than women? The latest research makes it known that the reason could be that men’s hearts go into rapid decline when they reach middle age.
The largest study of the effects of ageing on the heart has found that women’s longevity may be linked to the fact that their hearts do not lose their pumping power with age.
“We have found that the power of the male heart falls by 20-25 percent between 18 and 70 years of age,” said the head of the study, David Goldspink of Liverpool John Moores University in the UK.
“Within the heart there are millions of cells that enable it to beat. Between the age of 20 and 70, one-third of those cells die and are not replaced in men,” said Goldspink. “This is part of the ageing process.”
What surprises scientists is that the female heart sees very little loss of these cells. A healthy 70-year-old woman’s heart could perform almost as well as a 20-year-old one’s.
“This gender difference might just explain why women live longer than men,” said Goldspink. They studied more than 250 healthy men and women between the ages of 18 and 80, focusing on healthy persons to remove the confusing influence of disease. “The team has yet to find why ageing takes a greater loss on the male heart,” said Goldspink.
The good news is that men can improve the health of their heart with regular exercise. Goldspink stressed that women also need regular exercise to prevent their leg muscles becoming smaller and weaker as they age.
1. The underlined word “longevity” in the second paragraph probably refers to “________”.
B. long life
2. The text mainly talks about ________.
A. men’s heart cells
B. women’s ageing process、
C. the gender difference
D. hearts and long life
3. According to the text, the UK scientists have known that ________.
A. women have more cells than men when they are born
B. women can replace the cells that enable the heart to beat
C. the female heart loses few of the cells with age
D. women never lose their pumping power with age
4. If you want to live longer, you should ________.
A. enable your heart to beat much faster
B. find out the reason for ageing
C. exercise regularly to keep your heart healthy
D. prevent your cells from being lost
5. We can know from the passage that ________.
A. the reason why ageing takes a greater loss on the male heart has been found out
B. scientists are on the way to finding out why the male heart loses more of the cells
C. the team has done something to prevent the male from suffering the greater loss
D. women over 70 could lose more heart cells than those at the age of 20
6、Wugging, or web use giving, describes the act of giving to charity at no cost to the user. By using Everyclick.com, which is being added to a number of university computers across the UK, students can raise money every time they search, but it won’t cost them a penny.
Research shows that students are extremely passionate about supporting charity — 88% of full time students have used the Internet to give to charity. This age group is often the least likely to have their own income. 19% of 22 to 24 year olds have short-term debts of more than ￡5,000. With rising personal debt levels in this age group, due to university tuition fees or personal loans and a lack of long-term savings, traditional methods of donating to charity are often not appealing (有感染力的) or possible.
Beth Truman, a 21 year old recent university graduate, has used Everyclick.com to donate to her chosen charity, the RSPCA, for two years and has seen the “wugging” movement grow in popularity with students. “When you’re at university you become more socially aware, but it’s sometimes hard to give to others when you have little money yourself,” says Beth. “Wugging is great for people in this age group as it allows them to use the technology on a daily basis to give to charity, without costing them a single penny.”
Wugging is perfect for people who want to be more socially aware and supportive but don’t feel they have the means to do so. Students using the web can raise money for causes they care about without costing them anything in terms of time or money, and charities get a valuable source of funding.
Everyclick.com works like any other search engine, allowing users to search for information, news and images but users can decide which of the UK’s 170,000 charities they would like to support through their clicks. Everyclick.com then makes monthly payments to every registered charity. Launched in June 2005, Everyclick.com is now the eighth largest search engine and one of the busiest charity websites in the UK.
6. According to the passage, “wugging” is actually ______.
A. a website
B. a charity-related action
C. a school organization
D. a student movement
7. In the case of charity, Everyclick.com ______.
A. frees students of the financial worries
B. receives much money from students
C. offers valuable information to students
D. praises students for their money-raising
8. What does Beth Truman think of the “wugging” movement?
A. It makes Everyclick.com popular in the UK.
B. It becomes easy to do charity because of it.
C. It results in students’ more social awareness.
D. It helps students to save money.
9. From the passage, we can conclude that ______.
A. most full time students do charity on the Internet every day
B. Everyclick.com helps students pay for the college education
C. “wugging” is a win-win idea for both students and charities
D. Everyclick.com is the most successful search engine in the UK
10. What would be the best title for this passage?
A. “Wugging”, a new popular term on the Internet.
B. British people show strong interest in charity.
C. More Britain charities benefit from the Internet.
D. Students raise money for charity by “wugging”.
7、There once lived in China a very foolish king and queen. One day the queen had a baby daughter. When they saw their baby, they both cried out, “My goodness! How small it is! It’s hairless and toothless! It’s a monster!” They sent for all the doctors in the country and ordered them to prepare some medicine for her.
“When she drinks your medicine, she must grow to the right size and have hair and teeth,” the king said, “If you don’t do this, you’ll have a beating.”
The doctors thought it impossible, but they dared not say anything against the king’s order. Just then and old doctor stepped forward. “Oh, we shall certainly obey your order,” he said, “but it takes time. We have to dig a mineral from the KunLun Mountains when the snow melts for the second time. The snow melts on those mountains only once in six years. So we need twelve years.”
At last the king agreed and the doctors took away the little princess. On her twelfth birthday, they brought her back to her parents with long black hair and beautiful teeth. The king and queen were very happy and gave the doctors expensive presents.
1.Which of the following words makes the sentence untrue? The baby was ______.
2.The doctors would be beaten if ______.
A. the baby daughter didn’t drink their medicine
B. they refused to obey the king’s order
C. the baby daughter grew to the right size
D. the baby daughter became a monster
3.The old doctor wanted to keep the king’s daughter for twelve years because ______.
A. they needed a lot of different plants
B. they need a lot of different minerals
C. this would give the baby time to grow up
D. they had to dig a mineral the snow melted for the second time
4.The doctors thought it impossible ______.
A. for them to change the king’s order
B. for them the prepare the medicine in twelve years
C. for the small baby to drink the medicine
D. for them to make the baby have teeth and hair or grow teeth at once
5. ______ the king wouldn’t have given them expensive presents.
A. Had the doctors not brought back a beautiful girl
B. If the doctors hadn’t found the minerals
C. Had the doctors not been able to prepare the magic medicine
D. If the daughter were still a monster twelve years later
答案： C B C D D
8、Fire can help people in many ways. But can also be very harmful. Fire can heat water warm your houses, give light, and cook food. But fire can burn things too. It can burn trees, houses, animals, or people. Sometimes big fires can burn forests.
Nobody knows for sure how people began to use fire. But there are many interesting, old stories about the first time a man or woman started a fire. One story from Australia tells about a man very, very long time ago. He went up to the sun by a rope and brought fire down.
Today people know how to make a fire with matches. Children sometimes like to play with them. But matches can be very dangerous. One match can burn a piece of paper, and then it might burn a house. A small fire can become a big fire very fast.
Fires kill many people every year. So you must be careful with matches. You should also learn to put out fires. Fires need oxygen. Without oxygen they die. There is oxygen in the air. Cover a fire with water, sand, or in an emergency, with your coat or something else. This keeps the air away from a fire and kills it.
Be careful with fire, and it will help you. Be careless with fire, and it will burn you.
1. Which is true?
A. We are not sure how people started to use fire.
B. It is an Australian who started a fire.
C. We know how people began to use fire.
D. Nobody knows how to make a fire.
2. Children mustn’t play with matches because ______.
A. matches burn paper
B. it is not interesting
C. matches can be dangerous
D. they don’t know how to make a fire with matches
3. If you are going to put out a fire, you ______.
A. must be careful with matches
B. ought to know it can be harmful
C. have to cover it with water only
D. should keep air away from it
4. We must be careful with fire, or it ______.
A. can be
B. warms our houses
C. might burn us
D. will help us
5. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. Fire can help people in many ways.
B. Fire can be both helpful and harmful.
C. Fire can burn things and people
D. We must be careful with matches.
9、London Summer School in Classics
The London Summer School in Classics 2008 will be held at King’s College London. It will run from 8th July until 17th July. Applications close on 2nd June, 2008.
For an application form, please download either the 2-page PDF or the word format document from the foot of the page.
If you have any problems downloading the application form or any questions, please contact: London Summer School in Classics, King’s College London.
Tel: 020 7848 2299
Fax: 020 7848 2545
The school is organized by the colleges of the University of London. The summer school offers eight days of intensive teaching in Greek and Latin. There are four language classes each day as well as lectures and a debate, between 10:30 am and 4:30 pm. The course is not residential (提供住宿的), and there is no teaching during the weekend of 12th to 13th July.
The fee is ￡85.00. Travel grants (旅行补助金) are available as a contribution to your travel costs, but may not cover all your expenses. The travel grants are arranged during the summer school.
Teaching is generally in groups of 12-15 people and it, as far as possible, comprises (包含) of students of roughly the same level of experience. The style of teaching is friendly, but demanding: a lot of work is expected from students during the school, but they usually find the whole experience both stimulating and valuable. Some classes concentrate chiefly on reading, while others offer a mixture of grammar and translation practice. Our tutors include some of the most experienced and talented teachers of Classics in the London area and beyond.
The Summer School in Classics caters for a wide range of interests and for both school & university students as well as those who wish to learn Greek or Latin, or to revive their knowledge of the languages. Our principal concern is to provide a thorough program of language learning in a lively university environment.
1. To join in the school, you have to apply before ________.
A. 8th July, 2008
B. 2nd June, 2008
C. 17th July, 2008
D. 13th July, 2008
2. As a student of the school, you are probably asked to _______.
A. do a lot of reading in Greek and Latin
B. learn the grammar of Greek and Latin only
C. do some translation work only
D. speak Greek and Latin with experienced teachers
3. What is the London Summer School in Classics most concerned about?
A. Providing a stimulating experience for students.
B. Promoting students to develop a wide range of interests.
C. Teaching students languages in a lively environment.
D. Improving students’ level of debating in the argument.
4. Which is one of the teaching ways of the school?
A. Student groups consist of the same level students strictly.
B. Students needn’t do any work in the class.
C. Students learn Greek and Latin by listening to teachers all day.
D. Students are generally divided into groups of 12-15.
5. Which of the following can we know from the passage?
A. The fee is ￡85, including the travel costs.
B. Students needn’t go to class on 12th and 13th July.
C. People should fill in two application forms.
D. People can contact the school by phone or email.
10、Many children use the Internet to get useful knowledge and information, and to relax in their free time. But some of them are not using in a good way. Here are some rules to make sure you are safe and have fun on the Internet.
Make rules for Internet use with your parents. For example, when you can go online, for how long and what activities you can go online.
Don’t give your password (密码) to anyone else, and never leak out the following information—your real name, home address, age, school, phone number or other personal information.
Check with your parents before giving out a credit (信用) card number.
Never send a photo of yourself to someone in e-mail unless your parents say it’s OK.
Check with your parents before going into a chat room. Different chat rooms have different rules and attract different kinds of people. You and your parents must make sure it’s a right place for you.
Never agree to meet someone you met on the Internet without your parent’s permission (允许). Never meet anyone you met on line alone.
Always remember that people online may not be who they say they are. Treat everyone online as strangers.
If something you see or read online makes you uncomfortable, leave the site. Tell a parent or teacher right away.
Treat other people as you’d like to be treated. Never use bad language.
Remember—not everything you read on the Internet is true.
6. If you want a true friend on the Internet , you can ____________ .
A tell the people what your name is.
B meet the people on line alone.
C write an e-mail about yourself.
D get your parent’s permission.
7. It’s good for children to ________ on the Internet.
A. give password to others
B. get useful knowledge and information
C. give out a credit card number
D. go into a chat room as they’d like to
8. The underlined phrase “leak out” in the third paragraph may mean “________.”
A. give away
B. leave out
C. give out
D. put away
9. If your parents don’t agree, never ________.
A. read anything on the Internet B. relax in your free time
C. have a face-to face meeting with anyone you met online
D. treat other people as you’d like to be treated
10. This passage is mainly about “________”.
A. How to use Computers
B. Surfing on the Internet
C. Information on the Internet
D. Internet Safety Rules
1.On Blind-date Show1. 目前电视相亲节目很流行2. 出现这种现象的原因是……3. 我对此的看法
2.Social Network Sites Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Social Network Sites. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below. 1. 当今社会，社交网站很流行2. 各人对此看法不同3. 我的看法
答案：social network sites|popularity|people|society|views|phenomenon|time|addict|real world|life
3.Adaptation Should Not Go Too Far From the Classics 1. 近年来，许多经典名著被胡乱改编2. 出现这种现象的原因是……3. 为改变这一状况，我认为……
答案：adaptation|classics|recent|Four Great Classical Novels|adapted|go too far from|reason|phenomenon|measure|version
4.Pet Raising 1．有些人喜欢养动物作为宠物。2．有些人反对圈养动物作为宠物。3．你的观点。
答案：some people|habit|raise|animal|pet|object to|influence|view|natural|in harmony with
5.Credit Cards 1. 越来越多的人使用信用卡2. 信用卡的弊端3. 信用卡有哪些好处
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